Professors Kalinoski (Chair), Ogier,Talbot; Associate Professors Banuelos-Montes, Flores-Silva, Scaer;Assistant Professor Han;Teach- ingAssociatesChapman, Clifton,Myers,Stanco,Stanley

A major in language is not offered at Roanoke College. The following courses may not be counted toward the French or Spanish majors.

105, 106 Tutorial
A guided study of a foreign language or level of a foreign language not normally offered at the College. (1, 1)
Lecture: 2 hrs/wk.: Laboratory: 4 hrs/wk.
Prerequisite: Permission of the department.

221 English as a Second Language I
Basic English proficiency for intermediate English as a Second Language students. Emphasis is on the appropriate use of academic vocabulary, grammatical structures, verbal expression, and cultural inferences. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.
Prerequisites: This course is designed for students with TOEFL scores from 520 through 537. Placement to be confirmed by a Roanoke College proficiency test.
Co-requisite: LANG 222.

222 English as a Second Language II
Improving English proficiency for advanced English as a Second Language students. Emphasis is on the appropriate use of academic vocabulary, complex grammatical structures, organizational patterns, and rhetorical phrases and idioms in academic texts and student writing. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.
Prerequisite: This course is required of students placed in LANG 221 or permission.

341 Methods of Teaching Foreign Languages
An evaluative study of language teaching methods. Development of teaching aids and a teacher’s resource book. Assignments will be made according to the student’s major language. PreK-12 levels of instruction will be presented. (1)
Lecture: 3 hrs/wk.
Prerequisite: Permission.
(Cross-listed as FREN 341 and SPAN 341.)

405, 406 Independent Study
Guided reading and research of a particular facet of a foreign language, literature, and culture. (1/2, 1, 1/2)
Prerequisite: Permission.

416 Internship
Field placement providing the student with practical experience in work areas in which a foreign language is applied. These areas may include embassies, government service, international business, education, industry, and the communications media. (1)
(May be taken for major or minor credit.)
(Cross-listed as FREN 416 and SPAN 416.)